Canada's universities tumble in Times World University Rankings

An annual ranking of the world’s top universities suggests Canada’s institutions may be losing ground, at a time when Asia’s schools are rising.[Canada]
McGill University's campus is Montreal

McGill University's campus in Montreal is photographed on Tuesday, June 21, 2016. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Paul Chiasson)

The Times Higher Education 2016-17 World University Rankings has ranked Canada’s perennial top three performers all lower this year:

  • University of Toronto fell from 19 to 22
  • University of British Columbia moved down from 34 to 36
  • McGill University dropped from 38 to 42

Asia’s top three universities, meanwhile, were all up:

  • National University of Singapore moved from 26 to 24
  • China’s Peking University leaped from 42 to 29
  • China’s Tsinghua University bumped up from 47 to 35.

Only six of the 25 Canadian universities that were ranked in 2015-16 improved:

  • University of Montreal is ranked 103 (up from 113)
  • University of Alberta is ranked 107 (up from 137)
  • University of Waterloo is ranked 173 (up from 179)
  • University of Calgary is ranked 195 (up from 201-250)
  • Queen’s University and Simon Fraser University are between 201 and 250 (up from between 251 to 300)

Times Higher Education Editor Phil Baty said it’s proof “Canada will have to watch out for Asia’s continuing ascent.”

“Canada’s success cannot be guaranteed in the long-term while more of Asia’s leading universities soar to join the world elite,” he added.

Canada’s research funding – a major component of the rankings -- fell from third in the OECD in 2006 to eighth in 2013, according to Universities Canada. However, the country’s three main granting agencies got a $95-million boost in the 2016 budget, so that may help with next year’s ranking.

In total, Times Higher Education evaluated 980 universities using 13 numerical indicators related to teaching, research, citations, international outlook and industry income.

There are 26 universities on the list from Canada this year, including new entrant University of Windsor.

The annual ranking continues to be topped by institutions from the United Kingdom and the U.S.

Here are the top 200:

Rank 2016-17
Rank 2015-16
Institution Country
1 2 University of Oxford United Kingdom
2 1 California Institute of Technology United States
3 3 Stanford University United States
4 4 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
5 5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
6 6 Harvard University United States
7 7 Princeton University United States
8 8 Imperial College London United Kingdom
9 9
ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
(t)10 13 University of California, Berkeley United States
(t)10 10 University of Chicago United States
12 12 Yale University United States
13 17 University of Pennsylvania United States
14 16 University of California, Los Angeles United States
15 14 University College London United Kingdom
16 15 Columbia University United States
17 11 Johns Hopkins University United States
18 20 Duke University United States
19 18 Cornell University United States
20 25 Northwestern University United States
21 21 University of Michigan United States
22 19 University of Toronto Canada
23 22 Carnegie Mellon University United States
24 26 National University of Singapore Singapore
(t)25 23
London School of Economics and Political Science
United Kingdom
(t)25 32 University of Washington United States
27 24 University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
28 28 Karolinska Institute Sweden
29 42 Peking University China
(t)30 31
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
(t)30 29 LMU Munich Germany
32 30 New York University United States
(t)33 41 Georgia Institute of Technology United States
(t)33 33 University of Melbourne Australia
35 (t)47 Tsinghua University China
(t)36 34 University of British Columbia Canada
(t)36 36
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
United States
(t)36 27 King’s College London United Kingdom
39 43 University of Tokyo Japan
40 35 KU Leuven Belgium
41 (t)39 University of California, San Diego United States
42 38 McGill University Canada
(t)43 37 Heidelberg University Germany
(t)43 (t)44 University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
45 50 University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
46 53 Technical University of Munich Germany
47 52 Australian National University Australia
48 (t)39 University of California, Santa Barbara United States
49 59
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Hong Kong
50 46 University of Texas at Austin United States
(t)51 51 Brown University United States
(t)51 (t)44 University of California, Davis United States
53 (t)65 University of Minnesota United States
54 55 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
55 (t)56 University of Manchester United Kingdom
56 63 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States
(t)57 49 Humboldt University of Berlin Germany
(t)57 (t)60 Washington University in St Louis United States
59 (t)65 Delft University of Technology Netherlands
(t)60 (t)60 University of Queensland Australia
(t)60 68 University of Southern California United States
(t)60 (t)56 University of Sydney Australia
63 58 University of Amsterdam Netherlands
64 64 Boston University United States
65 (t)47
Wageningen University and Research Center
66 54 École Normale Supérieure France
67 117 University of Maryland, College Park United States
68 75 Pennsylvania State University United States
69 71 Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
70 (t)113 Purdue University United States
71 69 University of Bristol United Kingdom
(t)72 (t)90 Ohio State University United States
(t)72 85 Seoul National University South Korea
74 73 Monash University Australia
75 72 Free University of Berlin Germany
76 (t)138 Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
77 67 Leiden University Netherlands
(t)78 (t)82 University of New South Wales Australia
(t)78 (t)110 RWTH Aachen University Germany
(t)80 74 University of Groningen Netherlands
(t)80 79 University of Pittsburgh United States
(t)82 (t)104 Dartmouth College United States
(t)82 (t)90 Emory University United States
(t)82 NR Technical University of Berlin Germany
(t)82 80 University of Warwick United Kingdom
86 62 Utrecht University Netherlands
87 (t)101 Rice University United States
88 (t)76 University of Glasgow United Kingdom
(t)89 148
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
South Korea
(t)89 78 University of Tübingen Germany
(t)91 (t)76 University of Helsinki Finland
(t)91 (t)88 Kyoto University Japan
93 81 Uppsala University Sweden
94 (t)88 Maastricht University Netherlands
95 84 University of Freiburg Germany
(t)96 70 Durham University United Kingdom
(t)96 (t)90 Lund University Sweden
(t)98 (t)106 Aarhus University Denmark
(t)98 (t)101 University of Basel Switzerland
(t)98 (t)106 University of California, Irvine United States
101 (t)99 Michigan State University United States
102 (t)106 University of Mannheim Germany
103 (t)113 University of Montreal Canada
(t)104 (t)94 Georgetown University United States
(t)104 116
Pohang University of Science and Technology
South Korea
106 (t)104 University of Zurich Switzerland
107 137 University of Alberta Canada
108 87 Vanderbilt University United States
109 97 University of Sheffield United Kingdom
(t)110 (t)120 University of Bern Switzerland
(t)110 86 University of St Andrews United Kingdom
112 (t)99 University of Göttingen Germany
(t)113 (t)94 University of Bonn Germany
(t)113 (t)94 McMaster University Canada
(t)113 98 Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom
(t)116 (t)127 University of Colorado Boulder United States
(t)116 (t)101 École Polytechnique France
118 118 Ghent University Belgium
City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
120 (t)82 University of Copenhagen Denmark
(t)121 (t)113 Pierre and Marie Curie University France
(t)121 (t)125 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
(t)121 (t)110 University of Southampton United Kingdom
(t)121 147 University of Virginia United States
125 109 University of Western Australia Australia
(t)126 (t)133 Case Western Reserve University United States
(t)126 93 University of Exeter United Kingdom
128 (t)167 Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
129 (t)131 University of York United Kingdom
130 119 University of Birmingham United Kingdom
131 189 Arizona State University United States
132 135 University of Oslo Norway
133 (t)133 University of Leeds United Kingdom
134 (t)120 University of Florida United States
(t)135 (t)127 Tufts University United States
(t)135 192 Ulm University Germany
(t)137 (t)131 University of Geneva Switzerland
(t)137 130 Lancaster University United Kingdom
(t)137 112 Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy
(t)137 153 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) South Korea
141 (t)123
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
United States
142 (t)149 University of Adelaide Australia
143 108 University of Notre Dame United States
(t)144 (t)138 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
(t)144 136 Stockholm University Sweden
146 (t)144 University of California, Santa Cruz United States
147 143 University of Nottingham United Kingdom
148 (t)120 University of Cape Town South Africa
149 140 University of Sussex United Kingdom
Indiana University United States
(t)151 (t)144 University of Lausanne Switzerland
(t)151 (t)158 University of Rochester United States
University of Science and Technology of China
(t)153 (t)149 University of Twente Netherlands
Fudan University China
(t)156 163 University of Arizona United States
(t)156 154 VU University Amsterdam Netherlands
158 157 University of Liverpool United Kingdom
159 155 KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
160 (t)123 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany
(t)161 (t)125 University of Münster Germany
(t)161 142 University of Vienna Austria
163 146 Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
164 (t)158 TU Dresden Germany
(t)165 (t)172 University of Auckland New Zealand
(t)165 (t)167 University of California, Riverside United States
(t)165 (t)149 University of East Anglia United Kingdom
(t)165 141 University of Massachusetts United States
169 (t)193 Texas A&M University United States
(t)170 156 University of Cologne Germany
(t)170 (t)180 University of Gothenburg Sweden
172 (t)167 University of Leicester United Kingdom
(t)173 129 Royal Holloway, University of London United Kingdom
(t)173 179 University of Waterloo Canada
175 (t)164 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
176 (t)167 Technical University of Denmark Denmark
177 (t)176 Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
178 (t)193 University of Luxembourg Luxembourg
179 188 Paris-Sud University France
(t)180 (t)185 University of Dundee United Kingdom
(t)180 NR University of Hamburg Germany
(t)182 (t)182 Cardiff University United Kingdom
(t)182 (t)161 University of Miami United States
Northeastern University United States
University of the Witwatersrand South Africa
(t)186 178 Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel
(t)186 (t)185 University of Würzburg Germany
(t)188 (t)172 University of Aberdeen United Kingdom
(t)188 (t)161 Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation
(t)190 (t)196 Newcastle University United Kingdom
(t)190 (t)180 Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna Italy
Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
(t)192 (t)164 University of Reading United Kingdom
194 175 University of Konstanz Germany
University of Calgary Canada
(t)195 (t)167 National Taiwan University Taiwan
University of Duisburg-Essen Germany
(t)198 (t)185 Brandeis University United States
Tilburg University Netherlands
University of Illinois at Chicago United States